The good functioning of the immune system, or the immune processes as well as all the physiological processes that the organism maintain in the optimal state are prerequisites for health and disease protection. Help look for vitamins and minerals
Vitamin C – stimulates the defense system, is a strong antioxidant, and it is consumed during the illness. Larger quantities are found in citrus, rod, stone, paprika, cabbage, potato.
Vitamin A – is important for the functioning of the immune system , but also for maintaining the function of the mucous membranes that are the first line of body defense against harmful substances. The best effect is carotene from which the body only produces vitamin A. Vitamin A is represented in liver, milk and dairy products, butter, jellyfish, fish and carrots. It is soluble in the fats, that is the oils that are needed for its digestion in the digestive system.
Vitamin D – specifically acts on the immune system and increases the production of antimicrobial peptides that nullify the cell wall of bacteria, viruses and fungi in the body. Vitamin D can be synthesized in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet air from the provitamin and can be fed into food. It has the most in fish oil and meat, milk and dairy products, egg yolks and mushrooms. It is soluble in fats or oils. During the winter months, when we are less exposed to sunlight it is important to increase the intake of vitamin D by consuming these foods.
Vitamin E – is one of the strongest antioxidants and is the most powerful in protecting the cell envelope from free radical damage and has multiple effects on the entire body.
Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids – mega-3 and omega-6 are two of 59 known essential nutrients, meaning they can not be synthesized in the body. The needs of the organism are met by intake or food. A favorable omega fatty acid ratio is significant because they regulate thousands of metabolic functions through prostaglandins. Omega 3 is closely related to control of inflammatory processes, cardiovascular health, myelinization, allergic reactions, immune response control, and hormone levels.
probiotics – It has been scientifically proven that probiotics increase immunity. Useful bacteria (for example: lactobacillus acidophilus ibifidobacterium animalis) – are important factors of the digestive system involved in the defense mechanisms of the organism, and thus in the prevention of influenza. The impact of probiotics on health intrigues more and more scientists around the world. By examining the effect of probiotics on influenza and cold in preschool children, daily consumption of probiotic bacteria in the winter period has been shown to reduce the occurrence of typical cold symptoms such as clogged nose, elevated temperature and cough. The study tested the influence of two types of bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium animalis, and the authors conclude that the most effective defense against flu and cold provides simultaneous intake of both probiotic soybeans
Author of the article: Ana Puljak , MD, Public Health Specialist, Head of Department for Health Promotion
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